Wednesday, August 9, 2017

The Disappointing State (of IL) of Public School Funding - August 2017 Edition

Article X of The Illinois State Constitution declares that, “The State has the primary responsibility for financing the system of public education.”  Illinois holds the dubious distinction of having the most inequitable and regressive funding system in the United States. Unfortunately, the over-reliance on local property taxes has allowed the state to ignore its constitutional requirements to adequately fund public education.

As of August 10, 2017, the state of Illinois’ public school budget is in limbo.  There are 8 days until students arrive in our schools, and our district and our community is facing the reality that, without a state budget for public schools, we will not be able to remain open the entire school year without drastic measures.

For the past two years, Illinois has endured a budget impasse that has exacerbated the inequities in the state funding formula and caused many districts to spend down their reserves.  According to estimates from the Illinois State Board of Education, USD116 will be able to remain open through January of 2018.  Urbana School District #116 will open for all students next week, and we will remain open for as long as we can.  The administration and Board of Education will use every allowable tool to remain open, because it is what is in the best interest of our students and families.

The state budget that was passed through a legislative override of a gubernatorial veto requires that the K-12 funding formula have an equitable and evidenced based model, which is a huge step in the right direction.  Earlier this summer, the Illinois General Assembly passed, with bipartisan support, Senate Bill 1 (SB1), which is the best example of a thoughtful and reasonable approach to adequacy, equity, and evidence based funding that this state has seen.   Last week, Governor Rauner issued an amendatory veto of SB1.

While the Governor’s amendatory veto does include provisions for an evidenced based funding formula, there are certain provisions of the amendatory veto actually hurt many school districts, including Urbana.  The amendatory veto includes language that includes the value of all Tax Increment Financed Property (TIF) in the calculations of the Equalized Assessed Evaluation (EAV).  This makes many school districts, like Urbana School District #116 and Champaign Unit 4 look wealthier than they really are.  These calculations would also prevent most school districts that have TIF districts within their boundaries unable to ever reach adequacy targets.  This would lead to even more in-equities in the funding of public education.

Unfortunately, the amendatory veto requires a ⅗ th majority in the Illinois General Assembly to EITHER approve OR override the Governor’s actions.  If the General Assembly can not reach a ⅗ super-majority on either side of this issue, public schools will not have a budget for the 2017-2018 school year.  To say that I am disappointed is an understatement.  This state was on the verge of making a historic change in the most inequitable funding formula ever developed, and the governor vetoed the legislation and altered it in ways that would actually increase inequities and harm communities like Urbana and Champaign.  If the state of Illinois is serious about turning around its floundering economy, maybe it should start by investing in the most powerful economic development engine imaginable - the students who attend public schools.

I am hosting a press conference about SB1 and the current state of school funding on Thursday, August 10 at 1PM at Urbana High School, 1002 South Race Street, Urbana Illinois. I would like to thank our local representatives, Rep. Carol Ammons and Sen. Scott Bennett as well as Advance Illinois and the Champaign County League of Women Voters for their support in organizing this press conference.

I encourage members of the USD116 community to attend to learn more about the current school funding standoff and what our local representatives are doing to support public education.